IMMEDIATE RELEASE – June 14, 2017
TransLink recently posted a video on the proposed Surrey Light Rail Transit system, which outlines design features that are expected to be a part of the LRT project. Many of these design features and benefits are not LRT-exclusive – meaning they can be incorporated into our existing transit system at a fraction of the cost.
Here are 10 LRT features and benefits that we can have without an expensive, multi-billion-dollar LRT.
1. Dedicated Transit Lanes
The current Surrey-Newton-Guildford LRT proposal will place LRT tracks in a dedicated, transit-only right-of-way which will not be accessible to other vehicles.
Dedicated bus lanes can achieve the same objective, giving rapid buses a dedicated rights-of-way. They are easy to set up, and inexpensive to construct. 4 locations on the 96 B-Line corridor already make use of them. The dedicated bus lanes at King George/88th Ave. and King George/76th Ave. were installed in 2014 for approximately $4 million. Compare that to the billions of dollars needed for Surrey’s full LRT project.
Dedicated bus lanes can be added gradually, with investments targeting needed areas at first, whereas LRT requires all of the investment to happen at once with massive inconveniences during construction.
2. Traffic Signal Priority
Surrey and TransLink have often advertised that an LRT system will include traffic signal priority, to make sure trams move through intersections on a green light. You can have this for buses too!
In fact, the technology for this has been around for a long time. The original 98 B-Line connecting Downtown Vancouver and Richmond made use of such a system more than 15 years ago, with more than 59 signalized intersections equipped with technology that would extend green lights for approaching B-Line buses.
(Read more: Intelligent Transportation Systems in the 98 B-Line)
3. Real-time “Next bus” displays
TransLink’s survey advertised that an LRT line will include “digital ‘Next LRT’ display boards” at stations. This feature is not exclusive to LRT systems.
Digital boards that can display real-time arrival information for buses have been in use in our region for over 15 years. The first displays were used for the original 98 B-Line connecting Downtown Vancouver and Richmond. In addition, real-time GPS bus tracking has been available system-wide since 2012.
4. Off-board fare payment
TransLink has advertised that the LRT stations will have Compass Card validators and ticket machines, which will allow riders to pay their fares before boarding, relieve the driver of fare collection duties and streamline the boarding process for transit passengers.
Again, this feature is not exclusive to LRT. Ticket machines and validators could be set up at our B-Line stops and stations to speed boarding.
5. All-door boarding
With fares being collected at the station rather than by the driver, LRT vehicles will allow you to board and disembark from any door.
TransLink has implemented 3-door boarding on buses for many years on the 99 B-Line, and on other routes such as #145 to SFU.
Existing rapid bus routes such as the 96 B-Line could also have all-door boarding. This would reduce stop dwell times, allow rapid buses to perform similarly to an LRT, and give riders a similar experience to using an LRT.
6. Large, sheltered stations
According to TransLink, LRT stations on the Surrey-Newton-Guildford line will offer a covered canopy for wind and rain protection, seating security cameras, and emergency phones.
Of course, these are all features that could be added to bus stops and stations as well.
Rapid bus stations can be built to look as nice and offer as many features as any LRT station. A great example would be the transitway stations on the I-5 median in Seattle, which resemble full LRT stations (pictured right: Mountlake Terrace Station).
7. Zero emissions
LRT fans frequently point out that the electric overhead wiring system used on most LRT systems allows vehicles to produce no emissions, reducing greenhouse gases.
Electric overhead wiring systems can also be used for buses, and we demonstrate that right here. Vancouver has the largest electric “trolley bus” system in North America.
Recently, TransLink has also begun several test programs for new battery-electric buses (pictured right). This emerging and proven technology will eventually bring the emissions-free benefits of electric propulsion to entire transit fleets.
8. High carrying capacity
The City of Surrey has often highlighted the higher capacities of a street-level LRT system, insisting that rapid buses would experience overcrowding like the 99 B-Line on Broadway.
However, a full Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system can offer higher capacity than traditional B-Line services.
For example, BRT stations can be designed to have passing lanes, which allow buses on express or super-express routes to pass buses making local stops. Passing lanes can boost the capacity of transitway systems to match or even exceed LRT systems. In Canada, Ottawa’s Transitway has passing lanes at BRT stations.
9. Fixed alignments
Light Rail fans have often lauded LRT for its fixed alignments due to tracks, which are seen as safer when transit routes are routed through pedestrian areas. At least one TransLink concept for the Surrey-Newton-Guildford LRT shows the line running through a pedestrian plaza in Newton.
However, systems that guide buses on fixed rights-of-way are already available, and can be combined with special paint & paving that visually represents the right of way and can mimic LRT tracks.
10. Community and growth shaping
The City of Surrey, light rail supporters and fans are often keen to point out that the permanence of tracks may make Light Rail more suitable for attracting development and shaping growth in the community.
However, in Canada, community growth-shaping is generally considered an expected feature of any type of rapid transit, including rapid buses!
(Pictured above: A concept image released for the Viva Rapid Transit busways in York Region, Ontario)
In fact, at least one study referenced by transit experts suggests that Bus Rapid Transit systems can attract more development than Light Rail systems. The key measure is how much development is attracted per dollar of investment. Since each dollar of investment can build more BRT than LRT, growth-shaping can be expected throughout more of the city – and as a result, BRT leverages more transit-oriented development.
“Per dollar of transit investment, and under similar conditions, Bus Rapid Transit leverages more transit-oriented development (T.O.D.) investment than Light Rail Transit or streetcars.”
Also see: “Yes, great bus service can stimualte development” on Human Transit
For more information on our Bus Rapid Transit proposal for King George Blvd & 104 Ave, please see our BRT video and below page:
SkyTrain for Surrey is a local grassroots organization calling for a SkyTrain and Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) network instead of the currently-proposed on-street Light Rail system in Surrey. Our campaign has called on decision-makers to build the Langley Extension of the SkyTrain Expo Line, in conjunction with an extension of the 96 B-Line to Coquitlam Centre and White Rock as a Bus Rapid Transit system.
Our campaign directors: Daryl Dela Cruz (Surrey, chair), Jacky Au (Surrey), Spencer Whitney (Langley)
For further information
Daryl Dela Cruz, Phone: +1 604 329 3529, firstname.lastname@example.org